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First Day Covers and U.S. Supreme Court Justices

FDC Image Stamp Supreme Court

(click to enlarge)

The U.S. Constitution clearly spells out the qualifications to serve in the Legislative and Executive branches of the federal government, but not for those who serve in the Judicial branch; Article 2 of the Constitution states that the President will appoint justices with the “advise and consent” of the Senate, and Article 3 states that the justices “shall hold their office during good behavior”.

Why weren’t the qualifications to be a justice spelled out? Why was it left to Congress to develop the third branch? In Federalist #78 why did Alexander Hamilton describe the judiciary as being the “least dangerous” branch? Looking at the history of the Supreme Court, there are “preferred” qualifications to be a justice. Presidents tended to nominate justices who had a law degree from Harvard, Yale or Columbia; had served in public office; were in their 40s or 50s, and until recent appointments, most were white, male and Protestant.

FDC Image Stamp John Marshall & Monmouth

FDC Image Stamp Thurgood Marshall

(click to enlarge)

Discuss with students what qualifications they believe a person should have to serve on the Supreme Court. If time allows, let students investigate the background of John Marshall who became a Justice in 1801 and/or Thurgood Marshall who was appointed in 1967, becoming the first African-American Justice. What education and training did these two men have that the President thought worthy of a Supreme Court justice? Are there similarities? Finally, what impact on the government or society did these two justices have? To investigate other Supreme Court Justices, go to www.supremecourt.gov/about/members

FDC LESSONS ARE NOW FORMATTED AS eBOOKS!

BOOKLETS CAN BE PURCHASED AND DOWNLOADED DIRECTLY TO YOUR COMPUTER. EACH LESSON CONTAINS TEACHING STRATEGIES TO ENGAGE STUDENTS, ALONG WITH ALL THE IMAGES FROM THE FIRST DAY COVERS AND OTHER PRIMARY SOURCES AS CALLED FOR.

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ENVELOPES MAY BE SMALL BUT CARRY HUGE MESSAGES!

 

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FDC Lessons-­‐-­‐TEACH HISTORY USING FIRST DAY COVERS

eBooks! United States History and Texas History

www.fdclessons.com

The Battles of Lexington & Concord

James Madison

Sojourner Truth

Civil War Centennial First Day Issue

United States History 1607-1877

Set One – Colonies through Revolutionary War 1607-1783 – 13 Lessons

$13.95

Set Two – New Government – New Nation 1783-1820 – 11 Lessons

$13.95

Set Three – Pre Civil War 1820-1860 – 11 Lessons

$13.95

Set Four – Civil War – Reconstruction 1860-1877 – 12 Lessons

$13.95

Statue of Liberty First Day Issue

James Montgomery Flagg

FDR First Day Issue

Tear Down This Wall First Day Issue

United States History 1877-2001

Set Five – Gilded Age through Progressive Era 1877-1912 – 19 Lessons

$19.95

Set Six – World War I through Roaring Twenties 1912-1933 - 10 Lessons

$13.95

Set Seven – Great Depression through World War II 1933-1945 – 11 Lessons

$13.95

Set Eight – Cold War and Civil Rights 1945-2001 – 19 Lessons

$19.95

Texas History

Set Nine – Coronado through President G.W. Bush – 19 Lessons

$19.95

Texas Reader – Including and Such As Texans – 20 Biographies of Texans

$10.95

Each FDC Lessons eBook provides the teacher with warm up or review lessons including first day cover images as well as other primary sources as called for in the lesson. Each lesson is based on the students analyzing the images found on a first day cover (an envelope containing a commemorative stamp, appropriate postmark and artwork). The lessons provide the teacher with strategies to hook students on the topic of study, such as questions targeting the 5W/H as well as analyzing, generalizing, drawing inferences or conclusions, and cause and effect. Images can be projected onto a white board for whole class discussion or printed out for individual student work. Other primary sources (diary entries, letters, resolutions and excerpts from speeches) where appropriate may be included in the lesson, and each lesson has a concluding activity. The lessons can be a quick introduction to a fuller lesson all ready created by the teacher, or it can be a way to provide students with the images and facts needed to remember the history necessary to pass the state standardized tests. Lessons provide procedures, discussion questions, teacher notes, activities, Web sites, and one to four color reproductions of the first day covers. The eBooks are in pdf format. When purchased, each will be downloaded directly to your computer.

eBOOKS! CAN BE FOUND AT WWW.FDCLESSONS.COM