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150th Anniversary of the 13th Amendment

FDC Image Stamp Supreme Court

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On December 6, 1865 the Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified. Ask students to review Article Five, Section One of the Constitution and list the steps needed to amend it. How did the forefathers ensure that “We the People,” are included in the process? What had Congress deemed necessary to alter? By studying this first day cover, what can students learn about Lincoln and the Amendment?

In December 1863, almost a year after the Emancipation Proclamation had taken effect, Ohio Congressman James Ashley introduced a bill for a federal prohibition of slavery. A month later Missouri Senator John Henderson offered a joint resolution for a constitutional amendment outlawing slavery. The Senate debated the resolution and by a vote of 38 to 6, it passed in April 1864. The House though was divided on how to answer such questions as: Did the requirement of two-thirds of both Houses include those Congressmen who had seceded? Did the three-fourths requirement of state approval include the states that had seceded? After heated yet civil debates, the House in June of 1864 defeated the resolution; 93 yes, 65 no and 23 not voting, which was less than the two-thirds majority needed for passage. President Lincoln urged the House to take up the issue again and the next round of debates started in January of 1865. Still divided on those first two questions, other issues were brought forward: Was the amendment abolishing an institution, or were the slaves property, requiring the federal government to compensate the owners? Was the amendment giving the federal government power to interfere in other business of the states? Did the Compromise of 1850, which gave people in each state the right to decide the issue of slavery, need to be repealed first? On January 31, 1865 Representative Ashley called for the vote and the resolution passed, 119 to 56. Though not required to, President Lincoln signed the Joint Resolution the next day and it was sent out to the state legislatures. On December 6, 1865 Georgia became the 27th state to ratify the amendment fulfilling the three-fourths requirement (36 states). The remaining state legislatures eventually approved the amendment with the final vote being certified from the Mississippi legislature in 2013. In anticipating large crowds who would purchase the 13th Amendment stamp, the USPS issued it at the New York World’s Fair. Over 156,000 first day covers were cancelled. Have students design a new stamp for the 150th anniversary of the 13th Amendment.

 

FDC LESSONS ARE NOW FORMATTED AS eBOOKS!

BOOKLETS CAN BE PURCHASED AND DOWNLOADED DIRECTLY TO YOUR COMPUTER. EACH LESSON CONTAINS TEACHING STRATEGIES TO ENGAGE STUDENTS, ALONG WITH ALL THE IMAGES FROM THE FIRST DAY COVERS AND OTHER PRIMARY SOURCES AS CALLED FOR.

 

Check out the Free Samples offered at our website

Including the lesson on the 13th Amendment

www.FDCLessons.com

 

ENVELOPES MAY BE SMALL BUT CARRY HUGE MESSAGES!

 

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FDC Lessons-­‐-­‐TEACH HISTORY USING FIRST DAY COVERS

eBooks! United States History and Texas History

www.fdclessons.com

The Battles of Lexington & Concord

James Madison

Sojourner Truth

Civil War Centennial First Day Issue

United States History 1607-1877

Set One – Colonies through Revolutionary War 1607-1783 – 13 Lessons

$13.95

Set Two – New Government – New Nation 1783-1820 – 11 Lessons

$13.95

Set Three – Pre Civil War 1820-1860 – 11 Lessons

$13.95

Set Four – Civil War – Reconstruction 1860-1877 – 12 Lessons

$13.95

Statue of Liberty First Day Issue

James Montgomery Flagg

FDR First Day Issue

Tear Down This Wall First Day Issue

United States History 1877-2001

Set Five – Gilded Age through Progressive Era 1877-1912 – 19 Lessons

$19.95

Set Six – World War I through Roaring Twenties 1912-1933 - 10 Lessons

$13.95

Set Seven – Great Depression through World War II 1933-1945 – 11 Lessons

$13.95

Set Eight – Cold War and Civil Rights 1945-2001 – 19 Lessons

$19.95

Texas History

Set Nine – Coronado through President G.W. Bush – 19 Lessons

$19.95

Texas Reader – Including and Such As Texans – 20 Biographies of Texans

$10.95

Each FDC Lessons eBook provides the teacher with warm up or review lessons including first day cover images as well as other primary sources as called for in the lesson. Each lesson is based on the students analyzing the images found on a first day cover (an envelope containing a commemorative stamp, appropriate postmark and artwork). The lessons provide the teacher with strategies to hook students on the topic of study, such as questions targeting the 5W/H as well as analyzing, generalizing, drawing inferences or conclusions, and cause and effect. Images can be projected onto a white board for whole class discussion or printed out for individual student work. Other primary sources (diary entries, letters, resolutions and excerpts from speeches) where appropriate may be included in the lesson, and each lesson has a concluding activity. The lessons can be a quick introduction to a fuller lesson all ready created by the teacher, or it can be a way to provide students with the images and facts needed to remember the history necessary to pass the state standardized tests. Lessons provide procedures, discussion questions, teacher notes, activities, Web sites, and one to four color reproductions of the first day covers. The eBooks are in pdf format. When purchased, each will be downloaded directly to your computer.

eBOOKS! CAN BE FOUND AT WWW.FDCLESSONS.COM